""

  
→   →                               

(479)

1 2 3 4 > >>
-
- , a- ., NH3, ...

, Cd, . . [ , ...
-E
-E , -, . ...

( . kadmeia - ; . Cadmium) Cd, . II . . , . . 48, . . 112,41. . . ...

, Cd-. . CdR2 (. .) Cd(R)X, - Hal, OR, SR . . CdAlk2 . ...

CdSb, . , ( = 0,6471 , b = 0,8253 , = 0,8526 , z = 8, ...

, . , , - . - . . . . . ...

Cd(NO3)2, . ; 158° - . ( = 0,751 , b = 1,537 , . ...

CdO, - . ( 0,46918 , z = 4, . Fm3m) - ...

CdSe, - . ( = 0,430 , = 0,701 , z = 2, . 6); ...

CdSO4, . . ( = 0,4704 , b = 0,4722 , = 0,6565 , z = 2, . 21); ...

CdS, - - ; . o. ( = 0,41368 , = ...

CdTe, - - ; . ( = 0,6478 , z = 4, ...

CdCl2, - . . ( = 0,385 , = 1,746 , z = 3, . ...

( . caseus - ), . ; . . ...

, . .

( . - - ; . Kalium) , . I . . ; , . . 19, . . 39,0983. ...

, , .

, . . : . l (58-62% 2), . ...

( . , ; . Californium) Cf, . . III . . , . . 98; ...

r, . . . NaCl ( = 0,6596 , z = 4, . Fm3m); 298 ° ...

(II, III). (II) ( ) K4[Fe(CN)6].32 -- , ( = ...

, . .

, . ; 247 ° , 247 ° - NaCl ( = 0,533 , z = ...

() 2r27, ; 257 ° ( = 0,750 , b = 0,738 , = ...
(I)
(I) K[Au(CN)2], . o. ( = 0,728 , = 2,636 , . R3); . 3,45 /3. ...

KI, . . NaCl ( = 0,7066 , z = 4, . Fm3m); 298 ° 1,75 ...

() 23, . ( = 0,564 , b = 0,980 , = 0,688 , b = 98,8°, z = 4, . ...

( ) KNO3, . ; 128,8° - . ( = 0,6431 , b = 0,9164 , ...

2, . ; 372 ° . ( = 0,644 , z = 4, . Fm3m), 372 ...

n4, - . ( = 0,741 , b = 0,910 , = 0,571 , z = 4, . ...

( ) 226, . . ( = 0,706 , a = 105,6°); . 2,02 /3; ...

. () K2S2O8 - . ( = 0,510 , b = 0,683 , = 0,540 ...

K2SO4, . . ( = 0,742 , b = 1,001 , = 0,573 , z = 4, . ; . 2,66 ...

. K2S - . . ( = 0,739 , z = 4, . Fm3m); . . 948°; . 1,805 ...

: - - 24 KD2PO4, 24, 34; . - ...

KF, . . ( = 0,5347 , z = 4, . Fm3m); . . 858 °, . . 1510 °; . ...

l, . . ( = 0,629 , z = 4, . Fm3m); 298 ° 1,95 ...

KNCO, . . ( = 0,607 , = 0,703 , z = 4, . I4mcm); 700-900 ° ...

( ) KCN, . . ( = 0,6523 , . 43m, z = 4); 105 ° ...

( -, - -) C2H5OC(S)SK; . . 160,3; . ...

, . .

, . .

( . calor - . metreo - ), - , .-. ...

, 2+- ( , ). . ...

, , .

( . calx, . calcis - ; . Calcium), , . II . . , ...

, -. . - (R)Hal CaR2. - Ca(R)Hal, ...

(), . . : (. . 3,6 .; . . . ...

, , D .

, .nl23 (. .). . ; . ...

, . , . . . 30 . .; - ., - 23.2, ...

. CaWO4 - . . ( = 0,5242 , = 1,1372 , z = 4, . I41/); ...

l2, . (. .). , , . , - ...

, . , .

(l)2, . . 2. - ( 100 ): 27,9 (0°) 33,3 (25 ...

2, . , . - ; : a . ...

3, . . - ( = 0,499 , = 1,706 , z = 6, . R3, . ...

( ) (N3)2, . . ( = 0,762 , z = 4, . 3); . . 561 °; ...

, . . ( = 0,4812 , z = 4, . Fm3m); . . 2627 °, . . 2850 °; ...

, . (. .). CaSiO3 . - b ( ...

CaSO4, . ; 1200° . - ( = 0,699 , b = 0,700 , = 0,624 , z = 4, ...

, . . () 3(4)2 - a b (. .); . ...

CaF2, . ; 1151 ° a-CaF2 . ( = 0,54626 , z = 4, . Fm3m), ...

, . .

CaCN2, . . ( = 0,367 , = 1,485 , z = 3, . ); . . 1150°, . . ...
O
O (.-. ), ; ( 3,5% ...

, - - . .-. ...

, . ; , . ( ...

(1,7,7-[2.2.1], ), . - ( 3), . . 138,24; . ...
E
E (2,2--3-[2.2.1], 2,2---), - I ( 3, - 2), ...

, . . , ...

(, 2-, 1,7,7-[2.2.1]-2-), - I ( 3), . . 152,23; . ...

, , , - . . . ...

( . .-. . ), - , ...

, .-. -, ...

(, -), . ., . . . . ...

[ . (. - ) , ], , ...

, . , - . - -. . -, ...

, , . ...

, , - ( . 0,1-1,0 ). ...

, . , -. - ...

, . .

, 10 ( 10 . ). ...

, . .

, . .

( ), 3(2)4, . . 116,16; . ; . . 3,3 3,9 °, . . - 4,2 - ...

( 8--6- -), . . 305,15; , . Capsicum (., ...

, - - , -. . ...

, . 2- .

(, ), - I, . . 167,2; . , . . 247-248 °, . . 355 °, 200°/147 ...

, , .

, . - .
-
- (, , - , ), ...
-
- (, , , , , , , .), ...

( -) NH2 COOH, . , . .: ( ), ...

, . , . - ( , ) . . ...

, :CXY. . (.) - I, X, Y, NR2, ...
E
E ( . carbo - ). 1. . - :CRR, R, R , Hal, . . ...

( . carbo - ), . , . . . (), ...

, , .

, . .

, () CR, R - . . . ...

, - R(OCH2CH2)2OH. . ...

(), . , - .. ( , ) ...

, - RN=C=NR. . - -, . ...

[-()], . - R3P=C=PR3, R = Ph, Alk, Cl. 180° - . ...

( ), . , - . . . ...

, . . 2 ї ї ( ...

( -, -, , , , ) ...

, , . - ...

, , , - . ...

([b]), . . 168,2. - a (- I, . . ...

( . carbo, . carbonis - ), -. (.) 32- ...

, -. . (.) . (. .); . ...

, , -. . 120 . . , . ., ...

, 1) -, , , , , ...

, . . . -, , ...

( -, ) COF2, . . 66,01; . ; . . - 114°, . . ...

, . . . . .. VI-VIII . ...

, =. . . . -. , ., , 2, ...

, . .

, . ., . - -, - - (. ...

, , .

, -, - - (. ). . ...

(), . - nmn+m, = 1-6 ( 1 2), m = 3-10; , - ...

, . .

, . .

[--6,8(9)--2-], .. 150,21, ( 1,7.10-8 /); . . 230-231 ...

, . (. . ), - ...

, . . 136,24. (. .): 2-. (3,7,7-[4.1.0]-2-; - I), 3-. ...

, . . 204,36. . . (- I) - . ...

, - , . . , . . . - HNO3 ...

, , .

, . .

( . r, . carnis - ) ( 3--4- -, ) , . . 161,21; . ; ...

( . r, . carnis - ) (b-), . . 226,3; . ; . . 246-260 ° ( .); [a]D25 +21,1 ...

( . carota - . eidos -), . - , , ...

, , - D- ...

, - . ; . . 8 18°; d2015 0,950-0,974; nD20 1,477-1,479; h 97,6 . ...

, . . ATA3 ( . katalysis - ) ( : ), ...

( . katalysis - ), . - - ( ), - -, ...

, -, . - , . . . . . ...

, -, . . . ...

, . . . . . . . -, - ...

, - . . () . ...

, -, . . . , . ...
O
O , . , , , , . ...
2
2 , 2 . ., . . ...

, . . - ...



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